What is Stem Cell Therapy and What is it for?
Stem cells can be deemed raw materials where in the ideal body conditions turn into daughter cells. Then these daughter cells become new stem cells or specialized cells. The latter serve more specific functions like brain cells, blood cells, heart muscles cells, and bone cells. Stem cell therapy can be used to treat:
- Skin diseases
- Injuries to the eyes and bones
- Brain and spinal cord injury
What are the sources of stem cells?
- Embryonic stem cells
These cells originate from an embryo or blastocyst which is 3 to 5 days old. These stem cells help in regenerating and fixing diseases tissues and organs.
- Adult stem cells
These stem cells can be found in tiny quantities in adult tissues like bone marrow and adipose tissues or fat.
- Perinatal stem cells
These stem cells are located in the amniotic fluid and umbilical cord blood. Amniotic fluid fills the sac that surrounds and shields a fetus that is thriving in the uterus.
Therapy for the knees
One of the common causes faced by patients is osteoarthritis. It also takes place because of disability and missed work days. This can be addressed by anti-inflammatory medicines, physical therapy and opioid pain medicines. But most patients experience progressive osteoarthritis. At last, they would have to undergo the knee joint replacement surgery. Relieve knee pain with stell cell treatment as it has the power to bring down the inflammation, cease the growth of damaged joints, fix joint cartilage and delay or avoid knee replacement surgeries.
For this therapy, doctors strictly use adult stem cells as they have a robust potential to differentiate cartilage, bone, and fat or soft tissues. Adult stem cells also have the power to relax the areas of inflammation. It also helps in the modification of the immune system of a human.
Stem cell transplant procedure
The first and foremost step involved in the stem cell transplant procedure is referred to as conditioning. In this step, the patient has to undergo chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy in order to destroy the bone marrow of the patient. This stem cell transplant procedure tends to replace the destroyed bone marrow with the healthy stem cells. With the assistance of the stem cell transplant procedure, your blood level count also returns to normal in a matter of 2 to 6 weeks.